Commercial pure titanium has been the material of choice in numerous disciplines of dentistry due to its biocompatibility, resistance to corrosion and mechanical properties. Using titanium as a medium could generate a number of favorable characteristics. Titanium is often used either as the pure metal, or in an alloyed form in aerospace applications, and in medical and dental work. It is commonly alloyed with other metals such as Vanadium (V) and Aluminium (Al). It forms then light-weight but at the same time strong alloys for the fabrication of oral implants.
Biocompatibility is its best benefit, and along with that titanium has remarkable non-allergic qualities. Titanium has a high affinity for oxygen, which leads to the formation of a thin oxide layer. This oxide film is the reason for titanium’s high biocompatibility. Titanium implants are used for many medical procedures such as hips, bone screws and heart valves.
Benefits of titanium in Dentistry
- Titanium is lightweight but at the same time strong.
It is not just a strong metal but also a light one. It is four times lighter than gold alloys. A great benefit for patients as they experience a substantially lighter appliance.
- Dimensional accuracy of Titanium
Metal contractions are extremely low and this reflects in higher precision. And the absence of stress makes the metal more comfortable to use.
- Low thermal conductivity of titanium
Since titanium has an attribute of low conductivity there is an advantage as it prevents irritation and temperature shocks.
- No taste variation.
Using titanium as a dental implant, food and drinks will not get influenced with the metallic taste.